European Construction Products Regulation (CPR) for cables
TKD KABEL GmbH continuously adjusts its cable product portfolio to the requirements of the European Construction Products Regulation (CPR). From 1 July 2017 all relevant TKD products will have the required tests and certificates in accordance with the requirements of the CPR.
Electrical, control and communication cables which are permanently installed in structures and buildings, and which make a contribution towards the functionality of the structure or building, are subject to the EU ordinance 305/2011 (the so-called Construction Products Regulation).
The following are excluded:
- Lift cables, cables inside of machines and cables for use in industrial systems.
- Cables with insulation and functional integrity (resistance to fire) such as NHXH E30/E90 will be:
treated separately in a different harmonised standard.
Classification according to the Construction Product Regulation is only possible after the corresponding harmonised European standards become available. Partial classification and CE identification according to EN 50575 is not permitted.
They are therefore not subject to the current implementation of the Construction Product Regulation!
Therefore, application of the Construction Product Regulation to this cable is not anticipated before 2017.
The European standard EN 50575 with regard to the requirements for flammability has applied since 01/07/2016 to cables that are considered construction products. The standard establishes the classification of cables into distinct flammability classes (classes A to F), sets the requirements for the respective testing and examination procedures, and determines the degree to which involvement of a certified authority is required for the various flammability classes.
Under application of the standard, the cable types covered by the standard are considered construction products within the meaning of the Construction Product Regulation (EU) No. 305/2011 and must conform to the documentation and information requirements (for example issuance of a declaration of performance) established herein.
2. Classification of cables as construction products
According to the definition provided by the European Commission and the European Court of Justice, a cable is considered a construction product within the meaning of the Construction Product Regulation only if it cannot be removed from the building without construction work. This is the case in particular for cables routed under plaster or permanently installed in cable channels. In contrast, cables that are connected by means of plug-ins or simple screws or clamps (lamp cables, cables for power supply to machines and systems etc.) are not considered construction products and are therefore also not subject to the Construction Product Regulation. Therefore, neither the documentation and information requirements of the Construction Product Requirement nor the specific requirements of EN 50575 apply.
With the inclusion of cable in the list of construction products the EU defined 6 main fire protection classifications – from Aca to Fca (whereby ‘ca’ stands for cable). These classifications were defined on the basis of flame dispersion and heat development. From non-flammable (Aca) and flame retardant (B1ca, B2ca, Cca) through normally flammable (Dca, Eca) to easily inflammable (Fca).
(Note: due to the insulation materials currently available for cables there are no products on the market which fulfil the main fire protection classification requirements for Aca or B1ca)
For further requirements, such as smoke development (s), acidity or freedom from halogen (a) and flaming droplets (d) there are in each case three additional classifications.
SPR: Peak Smoke Production Rate TSP: Total Smoke Production
3. Implementation deadline for EN 50575
EN 50575 entered into force on 01/07/2016, but there is a transition period for the implementation of the standard until 30/06/2017. Within this period, cable manufacturers have the choice of whether to apply the standard (and thereby become subject to the Construction Product Regulation) or place the cables on the market under the previously applicable law (which did not include the cables within the scope of the Construction Product Regulation). Products that enter the market for the first time by 30/06/2017 thereby require no documentation according to the Construction Product Regulation and EN 50575.
4. Resale of cables after 01/07/2017
The deadline for implementation by 01/07/2017 refers to cables that are brought to the market for the first time in the European Union. What is decisive for compliance with the respective applicable statutory requirements is the time of the first delivery from our production facility to the respective European customers.
If a product is brought to the market before 01/07/2017 without meeting the Construction Product Regulation requirements and is resold after this point within the EU, the reseller is behaving in a way that is absolutely in conformity with the law:
Because the cable has already been brought to the market in conformity with the standards and guidelines, the subsequent dealer in the sales chain may resell the cable after 01.07.2017 without the information and documentation required by the Construction Product Regulation.
5. TKD’s measures for timely implementation of the new requirements
TKD currently continuously categorises and typifies its numerous cable types to determine which cables should be considered construction products and which flammability classes it would make sense to place these cables in. Because this is a completely new area of regulation, the process is unfortunately not entirely in our hands. For example, for the classification of flammability classes A to E cooperation with a certified authority is required, but the first German testing institutes for carrying out tests and audits according to EN 50575 have only been authorised since 07/2016.